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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1996 Mar 5;93(5):2203-7

Calmodulin controls adaptation of mechanoelectrical transduction by hair cells of the bullfrog's sacculus.

Walker RG, Hudspeth AJ

Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Laboratory of Sensory Neuroscience, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021-6399, USA.

Deflection of the mechanically sensitive hair bundle atop a hair cell opens transduction channels, some of which subsequently reclose during a Ca2+-dependent adaptation process. Myosin I in the hair bundle is thought to mediate this adaptation; in the bullfrog's hair cell, the relevant isozyme may be the 119-kDa amphibian myosin I beta. Because this molecule resembles other forms of myosin I, we hypothesized that calmodulin, a cytoplasmic receptor for Ca2+, regulates the ATPase activity of myosin. We identified an approximately 120-kDa calmodulin-binding protein that shares with hair-bundle myosin I the properties of being photolabeled by vanadate-trapped uridine nucleotides and immunoreactive with a monoclonal antibody raised against mammalian myosin I beta. To investigate the possibility that calmodulin mediates Ca2+-dependent adaptation, we inhibited calmodulin action and measured the results with two distinct assays. Calmodulin antagonists increased photolabeling of hair-bundle myosin I by nucleotides. In addition, when introduced into hair cells through recording electrodes, calmodulin antagonists abolished adaptation to sustained mechanical stimuli. Our evidence indicates that calmodulin binds to and controls the activity of hair-bundle myosin I, the putative adaptation motor.

PMID: 8700909, UI: 96312565

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