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Brain Res Mol Brain Res 1996 Aug;40(1):127-35
INSERM U.254, Montpellier, France.
The medial and lateral efferent innervations originate from distinct parts of the superior olivary complex. Both use acetylcholine, respectively, to modulate the activity of outer hair cells (OHC), and spiral ganglion neurons (SGN) which are postsynaptic to the inner hair cells (IHC). Besides predominantly activating nicotinic receptors, acetylcholine recognizes muscarinic M3 receptors, whose the role(s) and cellular localization(s) are not yet firmly established. We used reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction to amplify the M3 receptor cDNA in the rat and guinea pig organ of Corti and spiral ganglion. Then, we localized the M3 receptor mRNAs in cochleas and superior olivary complex of both species. The M3 receptor cDNA was amplified from samples of brain, organ of Corti and spiral ganglion. Indeed, its corresponding mRNA was localized in SGNs, OHCs and IHCs. However, in the apical turns, OHCs were often found unlabeled. In the superior olivary complex, M3 mRNAs were colocalized with choline acetyltransferase mRNAs in neurons of the lateral superior olive and ventral nucleus of the trapezoid body. These results suggest that the M3 receptor-induced inositol phosphate formation described in previous studies  takes place in both postsynaptic (SGNs, OHCs) and presynaptic components of efferent cochlear synapses, and in cells that are not contacted by efferents in the adult cochlea (IHCs).
PMID: 8840020, UI: 96437212
the above report in
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